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Tuesday, September 13, 2016

INTERNATIONAL: SPAIN: CATALONIA - Part 1 - NEWS from the Guardian AND FOOD

CATALONIANS PROTEST AGAIN TO BREAK FROM SPAIN LINK AND THEY WILL VOTE AGAIN ON SEPTEMBER 28. 


Remember, recently Scotland tried to exit from Great Britain (BREXIT)?  Well, we have another area that wants to break from its main country.  That is Catalonia, Spain. 












Catalonia consists of four provinces:  Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. The capital and largest city is Barcelona, the second-largest city in Spain and the seventh-most populous urban area in the European Union.

Two inconclusive general elections have left Spain without a new national adminstration for more than eigh months, in part due to squabbling among parties over how best to counter or defuse Catalonia’s separatist challenge.

Catalonia's ties to France

Catalonia comprises most of the territory of the 
former Principality of Catalonia with the remainder now part of France's Pyrenees-Orientales. It is bordered by France and Andorra to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east, and the Spanish autonomous communities of Aragon to the west and Valencia to the south. The official languages are Catalan, Spanish and the Aranese dialect of Occitan. 

Catalan gastronomy has a long culinary tradition. Its culinary processes are described in documents since the fifteenth century. As all the cuisines of the Mediterranean, makes abundant use of fish, seafood, olive oil, bread and vegetables. The specialties are numerous and include the "pa amb tomaquet" (bread with tomato), which consists of bread, sometimes toasted with tomato rubbed over and seasoned with olive oil and salt and usually served accompanied with any sorts of sausages (cured botifarres, fuet, iberic ham, etc.), ham or cheeses. Others are the calcotada, escudella i corn d'olla, suquet de peix (fish stew) and, as dessert, the Catalan cream.

A wine land, the Catalan vineyard has several Denominacions d'Origen such as Prioat, Montsant, Penedes and Emporda, and also found there a sparkling, the cava.
Catalonia is also internationally recognized for its high cuisine, including restaurants like El Bulli or Can Roca, who regularly dominate international rankings. 

Wiki on Catalan cuisine:
It relies heavily on ingredients popular along the Mediterranean coast, including fresh vegetables (especially tomatogarliceggplant (aubergine), capsicum, and artichoke), wheat products (breadpasta), Arbequina olive oilswines, legumes (beanschickpeas), mushrooms, all sorts of pork preparations (sausage from Vicham), all sorts of cheesepoultrylamb, and many types of fish like sardineanchovytuna, and cod.
The traditional Catalan cuisine is quite diverse, ranging from pork-intensive dishes cooked in the inland part of the region (Catalonia is one of the main producers of swine products in Spain) to fish-based recipes along the coast.
The cuisine includes many preparations that mix sweet and savoury and stews with sauces based upon botifarra (pork sausage) and the characteristic picada (ground almonds, hazelnuts, pine nuts, etc. sometimes with garlic, herbs, biscuits)

RECIPES




Tomatoes used to make famous Romesco sauce which originated in Catalonia.

















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