Tuesday, April 25, 2017

INTERNATIONAL: Borderless Cuisine 3 - Catalonia's and Roussillon's Influence on cuisine of Andorra

LINK to Part 1 - Grits

LINK to Part 2  - Filled Pastries

This part covers the cuisine of Andorra, Catalonia and an old region called Roussillon which was part of Catalonia (called Northern Catalonia) but later in history it became part of France.  It was first called Roussillon, then Lanquedoc-Roussillon and since the recent change in French mapping it is not called Pyrenees-Orientale (Midi-Pyrenees and Roussillon-Languedoc). 

Below are maps of the 22 older sections of France and the new regions (12).

The map below shows the Midi-Pyrenees area of France.  All of the dark pink is the Midi-Pyrenees aka Pyrenees-Orientale. The bottom number (66) in dark pink is old Roussillon and the little dot to the left of it is Andorra.

 Andorra is a small country in-between old Roussillon (Pyrenees-Orientale) (old Northern Catalonia) and Catalonia, Spain.  See maps below.

Andorran cuisine is a mixture of Spanish Catalan cuisine and the cuisine of Southern France.  It is a European cuisine which is adapted to mountainous cuisine with high quality ingredients. 

As with many cuisines Andorran cuisine is seasonal.  For example, in autumn game such as wild boar and & hare and mushrooms play a major part.  A sauce for stewed or grilled game is a white sponge mushroom sauce with chile peppers and saffron.  Meat dishes, made on a grill or stewed on open fire, are served with Catalan garlic sauce aioli *.  Mushrooms are also served with mashed potatoes and special sauces.  Hare and wild boar are also stewed in red wine are popular and are served with vegetables and wild mushrooms. 

(*Where did garlic sauce aioli or garlic mayonnaise come from? It originated in Egypt and was introduced to Spain and France by the Romans.)  Classic Catalan all-i-oli is used on fish, meat,vegetables & salads and is made without egg yolks and with garlic, olive oil, lemon juice or wine vinegar. Two other versions ajolio and ajiaccite are made with the same ingredients but use eggs.  

For Halloween, they make a dough out of sweet potatoes, almonds and cedar nuts which is baked and then served with fruit, nuts and chestnuts and served with a white Muscat wine. 


In winter they eat hot veggie dishes such as cabbage or beets.  

In Andorra, Roussillon and Catalonia the cabbage dish is called Trinxat.




Popular in Andorra and Catalonia and Roussillon aka Northern Catalonia ia a dish called escudella (stew) in Catalonia and Andorra and ouillade in Roussillon.  There are several types of escudella but I have chosen th one with beans!!

LINK TO RECIPE  Roussillon Ouillade

LINK TO RECIPE  Andorran Escudella

LINK TO RECIPE Catalan Escudella


All three countries make their own version of Catalan Cream, a dessert. In France it is called Creme Brulee.

LINK to Creme Catalane - Roussillon

LINK to Crema Catalana  - Catalonia


The people in all three countries like 
their bread and tomatoes.

LINK FOR RECIPE FOR  pa con tomate - Roussillon

LINK FOR RECIPE FOR  Pan con tomate - Catalonia

Andorra - Pa Amb Tomaquet (Bread with Tomato)



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